The human body uses glucose as an energy source. The levels of glucose in the blood should be within acceptable levels at all times, although they do fluctuate. If they become too high the body will take over and try to eradicate the excess sugar through the urine.
What type of symptoms can diabetes cause?
One of the more familiar ones is a need to pass urine more frequently. This occurs as the body tries to get rid of the excess glucose. This occurs more commonly at night, although needing to pass urine more often during the day can be a sign too.
Another common sign many people may already be aware of is the need to drink more. You may feel extremely thirsty and feel as if you cannot quench that thirst.
It is also common for people with diabetes to feel very tired if they have not yet been diagnosed. Any or all of the above symptoms should be mentioned to a doctor so you can be tested to determine whether diabetes is the cause. It is particularly important to note that fast diagnosis and treatment can prevent the condition from worsening and causing further side effects.
The official NHS website contains plenty of information about type 2 diabetes, including a list of symptoms.
Are there uncommon symptoms as well as the more common ones?
Yes – diabetes is capable of causing a whole host of symptoms. While thirst and needing to pass more water are the two main ones, there are many other symptoms that some sufferers will experience.
Another of the more common symptoms is extreme tiredness. You can read more about this and many other diabetes-related symptoms on the www.Diabetes.co.uk website. We all feel tired now and then but it is generally a tiredness that can be relieved with a good night’s sleep or prolonged rest if required. However, this does not occur with diabetes. If you feel fatigued all the time it is essential that you see your GP as soon as possible. It may not necessarily point to you developing diabetes but it could highlight another medical condition that needs to be identified and treated.
What should you do if you have any of the symptoms mentioned here?
The first step is to see your GP. They will usually perform urine and blood tests to determine whether you have diabetes or not. Your urine can be tested to see whether there is any glucose in it (there shouldn’t be). If any is present your GP will usually send you for a glucose tolerance test. This is a type of blood test to see whether you have higher than normal levels of glucose in your blood.
If you are diagnosed with either type 2 or type 1 diabetes your GP will start you on appropriate treatment straight away. You will also have to manage your diet. However the sooner you get any symptoms checked with your GP, the more chance there is of continuing to live a normal life.